The most two dangerous strains of Plasmodium that accounts for the
highest malaria mortality is Plasmodium Falciparum (p.fal) and
Plasmodium Vivax (p.vivax).
When infected with Malaria, the patients might have fever-like
symptoms. If not treated properly, the parasites will attack red blood
cells and cause the patients to have anemia and jaundice, kidney
failure, and more severely, coma or even death.
World Malaria Report 2015 released by World Health Organization (WHO),
there were 214 million malaria cases in 2015, which leaded to 438,000
deaths. Most of the cases have occurred in the WHO regions, such as
African region, South-East Asia Region, and Eastern Mediterranean
Region. African region has been affected by Malaria the most, which
accounted for more than 80% cases occurring majorly in sub-Saharan
Africa. Pregnant woman and children under 5 are particularly
vulnerable to Malaria.Malaria has been a global burden that needs
intensive effort to be eliminated. In 2014, $1.9 billion international
funding was raised to fight against Malaria.